CentOS 编译安装 nginx 并配置缩略图插件

yum安装nginx 非常方便,但是有些插件并不会默认安装,比如 http_image_filter_module, 因此我们需要编译安装 nginx,已达到我们的目的。

安装依赖

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yum install -y pcre-devel libmxl2-devel libxslt-devel gd-devel

安装 nginx

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wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.9.1.tar.gz

tar -xzvf nginx-1.9.1.tar.gz
cd nginx-1.9.1

./configure\
--user=nginx\
--group=nginx\
--with-http_ssl_module\
--with-http_spdy_module\
--with-http_realip_module\
--with-http_addition_module\
--with-http_xslt_module\
--with-http_image_filter_module\
--with-http_sub_module\
--with-http_auth_request_module\
--with-http_stub_status_module\
--with-http_gzip_static_module

make
make install

安装完成后,可以使用如下命令来查看 nginx 安装的模块

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[[email protected] ~]# /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -V
nginx version: nginx/1.9.1
built by gcc 4.4.7 20120313 (Red Hat 4.4.7-11) (GCC)
built with OpenSSL 1.0.1e-fips 11 Feb 2013
TLS SNI support enabled
configure arguments: --user=nginx --group=nginx --with-http_ssl_module --with-http_spdy_module --with-http_realip_module --with-http_addition_module --with-http_xslt_module --with-http_image_filter_module --with-http_sub_module --with-http_auth_request_module --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_gzip_static_module --with-http_image_filter_module

增加启动脚本

新建文件 /etc/init.d/nginx , 内容如下:

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#!/bin/sh
#
# nginx - this script starts and stops the nginx daemon
#
# chkconfig: - 85 15
# description: Nginx is an HTTP(S) server, HTTP(S) reverse \
# proxy and IMAP/POP3 proxy server
# processname: nginx
# config: /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
# config: /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
# pidfile: /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid

# Source function library.
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

# Source networking configuration.
. /etc/sysconfig/network

# Check that networking is up.
[ "$NETWORKING" = "no" ] && exit 0

nginx="/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx"
prog=$(basename $nginx)

NGINX_CONF_FILE="/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf"

[ -f /etc/sysconfig/nginx ] && . /etc/sysconfig/nginx

lockfile=/var/lock/subsys/nginx

make_dirs() {
# make required directories
user=`$nginx -V 2>&1 | grep "configure arguments:" | sed 's/[^*]*--user=\([^ ]*\).*/\1/g' -`
if [ -z "`grep $user /etc/passwd`" ]; then
useradd -M -s /bin/nologin $user
fi
options=`$nginx -V 2>&1 | grep 'configure arguments:'`
for opt in $options; do
if [ `echo $opt | grep '.*-temp-path'` ]; then
value=`echo $opt | cut -d "=" -f 2`
if [ ! -d "$value" ]; then
# echo "creating" $value
mkdir -p $value && chown -R $user $value
fi
fi
done
}

start() {
[ -x $nginx ] || exit 5
[ -f $NGINX_CONF_FILE ] || exit 6
make_dirs
echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
daemon $nginx -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
return $retval
}

stop() {
echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
killproc $prog -QUIT
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
return $retval
}

restart() {
#configtest || return $?
stop
sleep 1
start
}

reload() {
#configtest || return $?
echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "
killproc $nginx -HUP
RETVAL=$?
echo
}

force_reload() {
restart
}

configtest() {
$nginx -t -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
}

rh_status() {
status $prog
}

rh_status_q() {
rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
}

case "$1" in
start)
rh_status_q && exit 0
$1
;;
stop)
rh_status_q || exit 0
$1
;;
restart|configtest)
$1
;;
reload)
rh_status_q || exit 7
$1
;;
force-reload)
force_reload
;;
status)
rh_status
;;
condrestart|try-restart)
rh_status_q || exit 0
;;
*)
echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload|configtest}"
exit 2
esac

添加好 /etc/init.d/nginx 后,需要增加执行权限,然后就可以用脚本来 启动、停止 nginx 了。

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chmod a+x /etc/init.d/nginx 

/etc/init.d/nginx start
/etc/init.d/nginx stop
/etc/init.d/nginx restart
/etc/init.d/nginx reload

或者以服务来 启动、停止 nginx。

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service nginx start
service nginx stop
service nginx restart
service nginx reload

设置自启动

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chkconfig --add nginx
chkconfig --level 345 on

Done!